A guide to trade mark forum shopping in Europe
Trade mark owners need to weigh up various factors when deciding where to bring an infringement action. Sahira Khwaja, Alastair Shaw, Leopold von Gerlach, Ewa Kacperek, Marie-Aimée de Dampierre and Alexis Valot compare procedures and practices in France, Germany, Poland and the United Kingdom
France In France, trade mark infringements constitute both a
civil tort and a criminal offence, which as a result can be
examined by either the civil or criminal courts. However, trade
mark owners tend to prefer the civil route, where good...
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