These are some of the views of Judge Paul
Michel, former chief judge of the Federal Circuit in the US,
who spoke about patent reform, policy and litigation in a
Managing IP video interview.
The first extracts from the video
interview, which was conducted during our recent US
Patent Forum in Washington DC, is now available to view. A
second part will be uploaded shortly.
Judge Michel speaks candidly about some of the frustrations
he has experienced since stepping down from the bench in order
to be free to engage fully in patent debates. In particular, he
describes how he testified before a Congressional subcommittee
– and the members seemed not to care that he was
(perhaps uniquely) a neutral witness, with no axe to grind.
Now legislators are talking about further changes to the
patent system, with specific proposals in the so-called
Shield Act. But Michel says the Act proposed "would do
vastly more harm than good and is entirely unnecessary".
Interfering with judges in the ways proposed in the Act would
be a "threat to justice" says Michel, adding that the problems
with the patent system are that it is too slow, too
unpredictable, too expensive and too disruptive – and
solving them means investing in the USPTO (probably by paying
As he says in the video, Michel is at liberty to speak out
now he is retired, but I suspect his concerns are widely shared
in the judiciary. During the Forum, I moderated a panel that
included Michel’s successor as Chief Judge,
Randall Rader: when I asked him directly if new legislation
(such as the Shield Act) were needed, he said emphatically "No"
and argued that parties and judges already have the tools they
need to deal with abusive and expensive litigation.
It should be said that other speakers at the Forum, such as
Matt Schruers of CCIA,
argued on the contrary that there is a need for legislative
reform to deal with patent trolls. Clearly this debate will
intensify, but for now it looks like the judges are on the side
of the doves (though whether Congress will pay attention to
them is another question).
I suspect the response from those who feel they have been
victims of patent trolls will be: if district court and appeal
judges really can deal with abusive litigation, then they
should do so. This might involve acting tougher with vexatious
plaintiffs and being more willing to award costs in appropriate
cases. Maybe we need to see a bit more judicial activity
This is the first of five interviews we did during the Forum
to be posted. Look out for the others over the next few weeks.
You can also read a
transcript of the interview with Michel.