The new exceptions come into force on October 1 this year.
They follow exceptions for libraries, education, research,
disabled people and public bodies which came into force on June
The government claims the exceptions will benefit the
economy and clarify the law for consumers.
However critics have complained that the exceptions
legitimise some copying without providing adequate compensation
to rights owners. Unlike most European countries, the UK does
not have a system of copyright levies.
The personal copying exception allows consumers to make
personal copies for their own private use; the "parody,
caricature and pastiche" exception allows use of copyright
material for these purposes "to the extent that the use is fair
and proportionate"; and the quotation exception extends the
existing "criticism or review" exception to all types of fair
quotation "to the extent that the use is fair and
For more details see: the UK legislation
government guidance on copyright law changes;
information on the June 1 exceptions.